Video: The 10th Amendment Quiz (Don’t Tread On Me) – Gary Franchi

HAPPY BIRTHDAY GARY!!

(DOTM) – In this video quiz series, you’ll be tested on a series of questions pertaining to information presented in the film “Don’t Tread On Me: Rise of the Republic.” Video Link Here @ Youtube Channel

Video: Wikileaks – A Publisher Of Last Resort “privatized censorship”

Wikileaks editor interview on censorship. Continue reading

Video: The Official 9/11 Story … Accept Without Question

(Pupaganda) – In the United States today, true investigational journalism is rare. Much of the news circulated by mainstream media is only a presentation of information handed down from the government. Major media functions as a gatekeeper of information, creating consensus among Americans on an array of topics including the popularly held beliefs about September 11, 2001. An atmosphere has been created where questioning the official explanation or asking for a reinvestigation is seen as blasphemy. Individuals who do so are labeled anarchist, conspiracy theorist, domestic terrorist, and antigovernment. Politicians and other public figures who have voiced concerns about the 9/11 Commission Report have been invited on national news programs only to be pressured to renounce previous statements about 9/11 and publicly reject any affiliation to the group 9/11 Truth. While a critical analysis of the 9/11 Commission Report is absent from mainstream media, a number of questions go unanswered and unrecognized by most Americans. Continue reading

Joe Lieberman: From American Idol Finalist to TYRANNYsaurus Rex

(ActivistPost) – To borrow a phrase often used in Joe Lieberman’s failed presidential primary bid in 2004, America’s tyrannical campaign “is picking up Joe-mentum” thanks in large part due to legislation introduced by Deputy Dog himself.

Let’s roll back the clock for a moment. When Lieberman was selected as Al Gore’s running mate for the 2000 White House run, we Connecticut natives felt a certain amount of pride, much like rooting for our UCONN Huskies when their sports teams play in the big game.  After all, Connecticut is a very small state and we had a “finalist” on the biggest reality show for the most powerful prize in the world.  And at the time Lieberman enjoyed a pretty solid political reputation as a middle-of-the-road realist.  In fact, many conservatives at the time often complained that Lieberman was compromising his values running with a “liberal” like Gore. Continue reading

Creating the Great ‘Union’ Divide

(MakeItEightEh) – According to Glenn Beck, the reason Obama can not allow the cleanup in the Gulf from the oil leak is the “Jones Act”, which gives the Unions power to effect control over who works on boats. No foreigners are allowed. Yet, Obama has no problem with allowing illegal immigrants. Good point Glenn, or is it?

It would appear just as Beck fed enough truth and good information on George Soros and his involvement in Brazilian oil giant Petrobras, he has diverted once again from the true issue, and is on the attack of labor unions and their pensions. Continue reading

Video: Kagan Calls Israeli Judge Dredd “My Judicial Hero”

(PaulWatson) – New video has emerged on the eve of the Senate Judiciary Committee confirmation hearings which shows Supreme Court nominee Elena Kagan praising an Israeli activist judge as “my judicial hero,” underscoring Kagan’s alarming hostility to the Constitution and her views on empowering appointed judges with political agendas. Continue reading

NASA Flight Director Confirms 9/11 Aircraft Speed As The “Elephant In The Room”

(PilotsFor911Truth) – Recently Pilots For 9/11 Truth have analyzed the speeds reported for the aircraft utilized on 9/11. Numerous aviation experts have voiced their concerns regarding the extremely excessive speeds reported above Maximum Operating for the 757 and 767, particularly, United and American Airlines 757/767 Captains who have actual flight time in all 4 aircraft reportedly used on 9/11. These experts state the speeds are impossible to achieve near sea level in thick air if the aircraft were a standard 757/767 as reported. Combined with the fact the airplane which was reported to strike the south tower of the World Trade Center was also producing high G Loading while turning and pulling out from a dive, the whole issue becomes incomprehensible to fathom a standard 767 can perform such maneuvers at such intense speeds exceeding Maximum Operating limits of the aircraft. Especially for those who research the topic thoroughly and have expertise in aviation.

Co-Founder of Pilots For 9/11 Truth Rob Balsamo recently interviewed a former NASA Flight Director in charge of flight control systems at the NASA Dryden Flight Research facility who is also speaking out after viewing the latest presentation by Pilots For 9/11 Truth – “9/11: World Trade Center Attack”.

Retired NASA Senior Executive Dwain Deets published his concerns on the matter at the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) as follows: Read More Here

Video: Dr. John Coleman – Committee of 300 Staged Atrocities for World Government – Alex Jones Tv

(June 23) – Alex welcomes back to the show author John Coleman, a former British Intelligence Officer for MI6. Coleman has researched the Committee of 300 and the New World and its plan to establish a unified church and monetary system, oversee the destruction of all national identity and national pride, and establish the ability to control of each and every person through means of mind control. Coleman is the author of the bestseller The Committee of 300, Gun Control: An Attack on the Whole Constitution, and Pearl Harbor and Beyond: An account of Treachery and Treason. Continue reading

Health News

(BMJ) – Video: WHO and the Pandemic Flu “Conspiracies” – Deborah Cohen and Philip Carter

Key scientists advising the World Health Organization on planning for an influenza pandemic had done paid work for pharmaceutical firms that stood to gain from the guidance they were preparing. These conflicts of interest have never been publicly disclosed by WHO, and WHO has dismissed inquiries into its handling of the A/H1N1 pandemic as “conspiracy theories.” Deborah Cohenand and Philip Carter investigate – View More Here

(ABC) – Kids Think Food Tastes Better From Cartooned Packages

Study Finds Junk-Food Marketing Changes the Tastes of Kids as Young as Age 4 Read More Here

(NYTimes) – Dispute Over Pesticide for California Strawberries Has Implications Beyond State

In a report and in public testimony Thursday before the State Senate Food and Agriculture Committee, members of the review committee said the state’s decision to approve the new pesticide, methyl iodide, was made using inadequate, flawed and improperly conducted scientific research. Read More Here

(WPost) – After more than 30 years, FDA has yet to issue final regulations for sunscreens – Read More Here

(NYDaily) – 85 per cent of childrens’ drinks contain lead exceeding federal limits for young kids

Both organic and conventional juices were among the lead-tainted products, according to the Environmental Law Foundation, a Bay Area-based environmental nonprofit that used a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency certified lab to test 400 samples of 150 products marketed to kids. Read More Here

(Canada) – Arctic bird poop loaded with environmental poisons, biologists say

The seabirds’ cocktail is not a particularly healthy mix for the birds or the land they nest on, a team of biologists from the Canadian Wildlife Service and Queen’s University in Kingston, Ont., determined.

That’s because, in addition to pesticides, the seabirds are loaded with heavy metals such as cadmium and lead, which they pick up from the foods they eat. Read More Here

(NaturalNews) – WHO to tax your internet usage to fund vaccines in third-world countries – Mike Adams

Yes, you read that right – WHO wants every person in the world to help pay for drugs that make Big Pharma even richer. Read More Here

(June 23) – Video: Medical Report – Fluoride Blinded, Crippled Indian Children – Alex Jones Tv

Growing awareness of mass medication of public with deadly neurotoxin leads to establishment backlash Continue reading

Supreme Court Nominee Could Coronate Obama

(C4L) – Depend upon it! If confirmed by the United States Senate, Supreme Court nominee Elena Kagan will crown President Obama with “imperial” constitutional powers. Congress and Federal Courts will wither as checks against his presidential usurpations or abuses whenever war or other national security claims are bugled over Iran, North Korea, Yemen, international terrorism, economic adversity, or otherwise. In these matters, Kagan will prove the flip side of retiring Justice John Paul Stevens, whose vote and voice have, for decades, arrested executive branch lawlessness or encroachments on the co-equal branches of government. Stevens’ vote was decisive in a pair of recent cases invalidating both military commissions for the trial of alleged war crimes and the suspension of the Great Writ of habeas corpus for Guantanamo Bay detainees. Continue reading

The Fate of the Internet. Decided in a Back Room

(ComonDreams) – The Wall Street Journal just reported that the Federal Communications Commission is holding “closed-door meetings” with industry to broker a deal on Net Neutrality – the rule that keeps control over the Internet with the people who use it.

Given that the corporations at the table all profit from gaining control over information, the outcome won’t be pretty. Continue reading

Is U.S. Now On Slippery Slope To Tyranny?

(Investors) – When Adolf Hitler was building up the Nazi movement in the 1920s, leading up to his taking power in the 1930s, he deliberately sought to activate people who did not normally pay much attention to politics.

Such people were a valuable addition to his political base, since they were particularly susceptible to Hitler’s rhetoric and had far less basis for questioning his assumptions or his conclusions.

“Useful idiots” was the term supposedly coined by V.I. Lenin to describe similarly unthinking supporters of his dictatorship in the Soviet Union.

Put differently, a democracy needs informed citizens if it is to thrive, or ultimately even survive. Continue reading

BP Oil Gusher

(KurtNimmo) – Methane and Martial Law in the Gulf of Mexico

Earlier this week Reuters reported on a massive amount of methane discovered in the Gulf of Mexico. Texas A&M University oceanography professor John Kessler said methane gas levels in some areas are “astonishingly high.” Kessler recently returned from a 10-day research expedition near the BP oil gusher. Kessler’s team measured both surface and deep water within a 5-mile (8 kilometer) radius of BP’s destroyed wellhead. “There is an incredible amount of methane in there,” Kessler told reporters. He said the level may be as much as one million times the normal level. Read More Here

(DailyPaul) – Halliburton Buys Oil Clean Up Company just 10 days before spill

Does a company that both builds oil rigs and cleans up oil spills have any motivation to prevent oil rig disasters?

That’s the question some people in business and politics are asking themselves after Halliburton’s purchase of an oil clean-up company 10 days before the Deepwater Horizon explosion that killed 11 workers and launched the worst oil spill in US history. Read More Here

(AP) – In Gulf oil spill ‘war,’ cleanup foot soldiers threaten mutiny

Claims problems and mixed messages from the Gulf oil spill unified command structure has local leaders from Pensacola to Plaquemines Parish fuming as the Gulf comes under what some call a ‘tarball attack.’ Read More Here

(MI2G) – Gulf Oil Gusher: Danger of Tsunamis From Methane?

A new and less well known asymmetric threat has surfaced in the Gulf of Mexico oil gusher. Methane or CH4 gas is being released in vast quantities in the Gulf waters. Seismic data shows huge pools of methane gas at the location immediately below and around the damaged “Macondo” oil well. Read More Here

(OilPrice) – Government Insiders: Get Ready for the Gulf “Dead Zone” – Wayne Madsen – Read More Here

(TheFoundry) – Feds Continue to Block Oil Spill Cleanup

If there were ever a time to pull out the Ronald Reagan quote “The nine most terrifying words in the English language are: ‘I’m from the government and I’m here to help,” it would be here and now with this oil spill. Either no one’s in charge or everyone is. Either way, it’s not working and is creating needless delays that waste valuable time to suck up the oil and protect our coastlines. Read More Here

(Infowars) – Video: BP’s Oil Hits Florida Panhandle – Video Link Here

(ScienceBlogs) – Gulf Oil Spill Disaster: Spawn of the Living Dead for Atlantic Bluefin Tuna?

A recently published study, intended to provide data to commercial fisheries in the Gulf of Mexico so they maximize their catch of Yellowfin Tuna, Thunnus albacares, whilst avoiding bycatch of critically endangered Atlantic (Northern) Bluefin Tuna, Thunnus thynnus, suggests that the Deepwater Horizon oil leak may devastate the endangered Atlantic bluefin population, causing it to completely collapse or possibly go extinct. Read More Here

(Twawki) – Obama to make $85 million from BP disaster?

According to this FSB report the largest seller of BP stock in the weeks before this disaster occurred was the American investment company known as Vanguard who through two of their financial arms (Vanguard Windsor II Investor and Vanguard Windsor Investor) unloaded over 1.5 million shares of BP stock saving their investors hundreds of millions of dollars, chief among them President Obama. Read More Here

(June 23) – Video: Group Urges Obama to Stop Blocking Gulf Relief Efforts – Alex Jones – Part 1 HerePart 2Part 3

(MiamiHerald) – Oil plumes invade a dark, mysterious world at Gulf’s floor

At the dark and cold bottom of the Gulf of Mexico, rich and strange forms of deepwater life proliferate — and may be vulnerable to oil plumes from the Deepwater Horizon catastrophe. Read More Here

(SouthernStudies) – TILT: The illness afflicting workers exposed to BP’s oil disaster?

Workers cleaning up the BP oil disaster in the Gulf of Mexico have reported suffering from flu-like symptoms that may be the consequence of exposure to chemicals in the oil as well as the petroleum-derived solvent being used to disperse the spill.

The illness — marked by headaches, fatigue, upset stomach, and problems with memory and concentration — has been dubbed toxicant-induced loss of tolerance, or TILT. People suffering from TILT lose the ability to tolerate exposures to household chemical products, medication or even food, Dr. Claudia Miller of the University of Texas Health Science Center told WOAI TV: Read More Here

(Reuters) – Methane in Gulf “astonishingly high”: U.S. scientist

As much as 1 million times the normal level of methane gas has been found in some regions near the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, enough to potentially deplete oxygen and create a dead zone, U.S. scientists said on Tuesday. Read More Here

(AsiaTimes) – BP-style horrors coming your way – Read More Here

(WRH) – Oil’geddon

Our oceans vegetative life, converts the majority of our atmospheric carbon dioxide to oxygen. Contaminating our oceans with oil will disrupt this cycle of life. One gallon of oil contaminates 250 gallons of water. Transoceanic drilled into prospect name “Kodiak” in the area of Mississippi Canyon 771, in 4,986 feet of water with an estimate oil reserve of near 12 billion barrels. Should this reservoir of oil be released all at once, quickly, or gradually into the oceans, then most life on the planet earth will eventually diminish due to lack of breathable oxygen. Read More Here

(FloridaOilSpillLaw) – Video: *BREAKING* Florida waters test positive for dissolved oil; Researchers “Suspect it’s a lot” – Video Link Here

(FloridaOilSpillLaw) – CDC advises “Everyone, including pregnant women” to avoid areas affected by spill; Expert says crude oil contains “some of the most toxic chemicals that we know” – Read More Here

(Bloomberg) – Video: Rogers Sees Emerging Hurricane Threat in Gulf of Mexico

Matt Rogers, president of Commodity Weather Group, talks about the outlook for a hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico and the potential impact on efforts to clean up BP Plc’s oil leak. Rogers talks with Deirdre Bolton on Bloomberg Television’s “InsideTrack.” Continue reading

Economy

(LondonTelegraph) – Federal Reserve cautions on US economic growth – Read More Here

(PeoplesWorld) – Texas poor say “No more!” – Read More Here

(InfoClearingHouse) – Consumer Spending is Flat, Unemployment is Rising: The Case for a Second Round of Economic Stimulus – Mike Whitney – Read More Here

REPOST (CNBC) – Soros Says Germany Could Cause Euro Collapse

German’s budget savings policy risks destroying the European project and a collapse of the euro cannot be ruled out, billionaire investor George Soros said in a newspaper interview released on Wednesday. Read More Here

(BusinessInsider) – Deutsche Bank: U.S. Financial Conditions Just Collapsed Back To Crisis Levels

Financial conditions appear to have worsened substantially in recent quarters based on our update of the broad index of US financial variables presented earlier this year at the US Monetary Policy Forum. In the wake of recent developments in Europe, increased stress in financial markets has pushed that index halfway back to its immediate post- Lehman crisis lows. Read More Here

(BeforeItsNews) – Russia buys 16 percent of global gold production

According to the Russian Central Bank, Russian gold reserves just hiked 1.1 million ounces in May. Given global mining production is just 6.8 million ounces a month, this represents 16.1% of monthly global mining production.

This is the largest one month purchase of gold by the Russian Central Bank, which has been buying gold at a rate of 250,000 ounces a month for the past three years, and comes just as Putin is pushing for a single world currency and last week revealed the currency’s first proof coin. Read More Here

(WSJ) – Small Banks and Big Risks – Read More Here

(AlterNet) – The Bank Lobby Gets Desperate on Derivatives – Read More Here

(WSJ) – States Face New Pinch as Stimulus Ebbs

Tax Receipts Aren’t Rebounding Quickly Enough to Offset Declining Federal Aid; Push for Additional Medicaid Help Stalls Read More Here

(WSJ) – Video: Opinion Journal – Here Come the Tax Increases – Video Link Here

(CBS5) – Oakland To Send Out Layoff Notices To 200 Officers

Despite concerns about the city’s violent crime, the Oakland City Council on Tuesday voted to send out layoff notices to 200 police officers.

There seemed to be little choice. The city is facing years of multi million dollar deficits, and the public safety budget is a rich target representing about half the general fund. Read More Here

(EconomicPolicyJournal) – China Officially Disses the Dollar (and Treasury Debt)

The Peoples Bank of China has announced that it will no longer fix its currency in terms of the dollar. Instead it will manage the yuan against a basket of currencies. Read More Here

Climategate

(Telegraph) – Japanese told to go to bed an hour early to cut carbon emissions

Japanese households are being urged to go to bed one hour earlier than normal in order to help tackle climate change. Read More Here

(June 24) – Video: Lord Christopher Monckton: The Global Warming Take Over Grid – Alex Jones Tv

Alex also talks with British consultant, policy adviser, writer, columnist, and hereditary peer, Lord Christopher Monckton. Continue reading

World War

(InfoClearingHouse) – Offically FUBAR – Cindy Sheehan

The problem is—and has been for decades—the Military-Corporate Complex. However, if we want valid change, we also have to look deeper. Read More Here

(ABC) – WikiLeaks Founder Drops ‘Mass Spying’ Hint

WikiLeaks co-founder Julian Assange has given his strongest indication yet about the next big leak from his whistleblower organisation. Read More Here

(AmericanConservative) – War Makes Us Poor

Far from rescuing the economy from recession or depression, needless conflicts drain capital from productive uses. Read More Here

(GlobalResearch) – Kyrgyzstan: Picking Up the Pieces – Read More Here

(AFP) – Nixon mulled North Korea nuclear strike in 1969

The United States studied a plan for a nuclear strike on North Korea in 1969 but advisers to then-president Richard Nixon concluded it was best to remain calm, declassified documents showed Wednesday. Read More Here

(WRH) – Ban the Use of Depleted Uranium Munitions – Read More Here

(Examiner) – Representative Grayson: 85% of Congress funding endless US wars during US economic crisis

The following 8-minute video by Dylan Ratigan of Congressman Alan Grayson is a brilliant discussion contrasting US “investment” of taxpayer money on endless and unlawful wars versus the dire condition requiring policy in the US economy. Read More Here

Afghanistan

(GlobalResearch) – Did 9/11 Justify the War in Afghanistan? – Prof. David Ray Griffin

There are many questions to ask about the war in Afghanistan. One that has been widely asked is whether it will turn out to be “Obama’s Vietnam.” This question implies another: Is this war winnable, or is it destined to be a quagmire, like Vietnam? These questions are motivated in part by the widespread agreement that the Afghan government, under Hamid Karzai, is at least as corrupt and incompetent as the government the United States tried to prop up in South Vietnam for 20 years. Read More Here

(TarpleyNet) – Towards the Eighteenth Brumaire of General David Petraeus? – Webster Tarpley

Prodded doubtless by forces above and behind the Oval Office, Obama has ousted General McChrystal in favor of General Petraeus, who now combines the post of CENTCOM theater commander with that of NATO commander in Afghanistan. This is a move deriving from the inherent fecklessness and incompetence of the Obama administration, especially from the imperialist point of view. Read More Here

(WPost) – CIA gives Blackwater firm new $100 million contract – Read More Here

(InfoClearingHouse) – Is Petraeus McChrystal’s Replacement or Obama’s – Paul Craig Roberts

Our petulant president’s ego can’t handle a general letting off steam. Neither can any of the spoiled children who comprise “our” government in DC, the capital of the “superpower.” Read More Here

(AlterNet) – Don’t Let the McChrystal Frenzy Obscure the Dirty Truth About Afghanistan

While we’ll be treated to plenty of blather about the McChrystal incident, the most important part of the story is largely being ignored by the corporate media. Read More Here

(PoliticalTheatrics) – General Stanley McTerror: The Shocking Admissions – Read More Here

(KurtNimmo) – Video: Obama Fires McChrystal, Selects Petraeus to Oversee Opium Fields in Afghanistan

Obama fired General Stanley McChrystal today and replaced him with the globalist General David Petraeus. Obama said McChrystal’s actions undermined civilian control of the military and asked the Senate to confirm Petraeus immediately. Video Link Here

Palestine

(TheLocal) – Swedish dockers launch Israeli goods blockade

The Swedish Dock Workers Union (Hamnarbetarförbundet) on Wednesday launched a blockade of Israeli cargo in protest against the deadly raid on the Gaza-bound freedom flotilla last month, union representatives have confirmed. Read More Here

(Jpost) – IDF draws up new Gaza war doctrine

The new plans draw on some of the experiences from Cast Lead, and are also being viewed in the IDF as part of the military’s lessons from the Goldstone Report, which harshly criticized Israel and the way it operated within urban areas.

While the army is drawing up plans, current assessments in the military are that Hamas is not interested in instigating a new conflict with Israel. Read More Here

(SouthLebanon) – Barriers, Borders, and Blockades: Policing Movement and Controlling Information

To keep some out. To fence others in. To police movement, instill fear, uncertainty, and instability. Palestine is a land cross-hashed with separation barriers, walls, fences and checkpoints. For many people, these structures make one either an exile or a prisoner, barred from returning or unable to leave. But in addition to the policing of movement, these mechanisms correspond to a policing of information, a control of what truths are able to travel beyond the borders of these territories, to reach the world outside. Read More Here

(SouthLebanon) – ‘Free Palestine’, Not Only Gaza

One thing is missing in the ‘Free Gaza’ movement. Activists and civil societies and journalists who support the Palestinian cause are rightfully angry at Israel’s murderous campaign against the aid-loaded ‘Freedom Flotilla’ that was going to the besieged and starved residents of Gaza, but they ignore the overall conditions in the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the refugee camps. Read More Here

(PoliticalTheatrics) – Israel Preparing For Flotillas Like On Eve of War – Read More Here

Video: Gaza Flotilla – Facts vs Fiction

A collection of interviews shows the truth about Gaza….

Iran

(AlethoNews) – Turkey warns EU against Iran sanctions – Read More Here

(ArmeniaNow) – Tehran says will oppose ‘American forces’ in Karabakh

Iran will not allow a United States-led military force to be deployed in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict zone that immediately borders on its territory, according to the Islamic Republic’s chief diplomat in Armenia. Read More Here

(IsraelNationalNews) – Reports: IAF Landed at Saudi Base, US Troops near Iran Border

The Israeli Air Force recently unloaded military equipment at a Saudi Arabia base, a semi-official Iranian news agency claimed Wednesday, while a large American force has massed in Azerbaijan, which is on the northwest border of Iran.

Both reports follow by less than a week the Pentagon’s confirmation that an unusually large American fleet sailed through the Suez Canal Saturday. Several reports stated that an Israeli ship joined the armada. Read More Here

(Jpost) – Report: IAF planes spotted over Saudi Arabia

Israel Air Force aircraft have been spotted in recent days at a Saudi Arabian military base unloading military equipment in the city of Tabuk, in northwestern Saudi Arabia, according to a report from Iranian news agency FARS.

The base will reportedly be used as a forward operating base by the Israelis as part of an offensive on an Islamic country. – Source: JPost

(TalkSport) – Video: Attack on Iran – George Galloway

Respect Party’s MP George Galloway answers a listener about war with Iran Continue reading

Video: The Police State’s ‘Cardinal Rule’: The Mundane Must Submit

(ProLibertateBlog) – British officer: You call yourself a patriot, and a loyal subject to King George?

Hawkeye: I don’t call myself “subject” to much of anything. Continue reading

Video: Obama May Soon Legalize Millions of Illegal Aliens by Executive Diktat

(KurtNimmo) – NumbersUSA and Fox News report today that Obama may issue an executive order that will grant amnesty to between 10 and 30 million illegal aliens.

“Eight Republican senators and an independent group that supports tighter limits on immigration are warning that the Obama administration is drafting a plan to ‘unilaterally’ issue blanket amnesty for millions of illegal immigrants as it struggles to win support in Congress for an overhaul of immigration laws,” reports Fox News.

Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa), Orrin Hatch (R-Utah), David Vitter (R-La.), Jim Bunning (R-Ky.), Saxby Chambliss (R-Ga.), Johnny Isakson (R-Ga.), James Inhofe (R-Okla.), and Thad Cochran (R-Miss), have sent a letter to the White House asking for clarification on the issue: Continue reading